Methylergonovine Maleate Injection, USP
  • Preservative free
  • Vial closure is not made with natural rubber latex




NDC Number
Strength
Size
Shelf Pack
Availability
Product Information
Arrow Up 0517-0740-20 0.2 mg/mL 1 mL
Single Dose Vial
20 In Stock Product Label
Full Prescribing Information
Safety Data Sheet
Bottle
Wholesaler Numbers
ABC/SAP Cardinal HD Smith McKesson Morris & Dickson
10010682 4309746 2335776 1356880 071084
Case Information
Unit of Sale NDC Order Size Case Size Case Per Tier
0740-20 20 12 180




NDC Number
Arrow Up 0517-0740-20
Strength
0.2 mg/mL
Size
1 mL
Single Dose Vial
Shelf Pack
20
Availability
In Stock
Product Information
Product Label
Full Prescribing Information
Safety Data Sheet
Bottle
Wholesaler Numbers
ABC/SAP Cardinal HD Smith McKesson Morris & Dickson
10010682 4309746 2335776 1356880 071084
Case Information
Unit of Sale NDC Order Size Case Size Case Per Tier
0740-20 20 12 180




INDICATIONS AND USAGE Following delivery of the placenta, for routine management of uterine atony, hemorrhage and subinvolution of the uterus. For control of uterine hemorrhage in the second stage of labor following delivery of the anterior shoulder. IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
CONTRAINDICATIONS Hypertension; toxemia; pregnancy; and hypersensitivity. WARNINGS
General
This drug should not be administered intravenously routinely because of the possibility of inducing sudden hypertensive and cerebrovascular accidents. If intravenous administration is considered essential as a lifesaving measure, methylergonovine maleate should be given slowly over a period of no less than 60 seconds with careful monitoring of blood pressure. Intra-arterial or periarterial injection should be strictly avoided. Caution should be exercised in the presence of impaired hepatic or renal function. Breast-feeding Mothers should not breast-feed during treatment with methylergonovine maleate. Milk secreted during this period should be discarded. Methylergonovine maleate may produce adverse effects in the breast-feeding infant. Methylergonovine maleate may also reduce the yield of breast milk. Mothers should wait at least 12 hours after administration of the last dose of methylergonovine maleate before initiating or resuming breast feeding. Coronary artery disease Patients with coronary artery disease or risk factors for coronary artery disease (e.g., smoking, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol) may be more susceptible to developing myocardial ischemia and infarction associated with methylergonovine induced vasospasm. Medication errors Inadvertent administration of methylergonovine maleate to newborn infants has been reported. In these cases of inadvertent neonatal exposure, symptoms such as respiratory depression, convulsions, cyanosis and oliguria have been reported. Usual treatment is symptomatic. However, in severe cases, respiratory and cardiovascular support is required. Methylergonovine maleate has been administered instead of vitamin K and Hepatitis B vaccine, medications which are routinely administered to the newborn. Due to the potential for accidental neonatal exposure, methylergonovine maleate injection should be stored separately from medications intended for neonatal administration. PRECAUTIONS
General
Caution should be exercised in the presence of sepsis or obliterative vascular disease. Also use with caution during the second stage of labor. The necessity for manual removal of a retained placenta should occur only rarely with proper technique and adequate allowance of time for its spontaneous separation. Drug Interactions CYP3A4 Inhibitors (e.g., Macrolide Antibiotics and Protease Inhibitors) There have been rare reports of serious adverse events in connection with the coadministration of certain ergot alkaloid drugs (e.g., dihydroergotamine and ergotamine) and potent CYP3A4 inhibitors, resulting in vasospasm leading to cerebral ischemia and/or ischemia of the extremities. Although there have been no reports of such interactions with methylergonovine alone, potent CYP3A4 inhibitors should not be coadministered with methylergonovine. Examples of some of the more potent CYP3A4 inhibitors include macrolide antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin, troleandomycin, and clarithromycin), HIV protease or reverse transcriptase inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, delavirdine) or azole antifungals (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole). Less potent CYP3A4 inhibitors should be administered with caution. Less potent inhibitors include saquinavir, nefazodone, fluconazole, grapefruit juice, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, zileuton, and clotrimazole. These lists are not exhaustive, and the prescriber should consider the effects on CYP3A4 of other agents being considered for concomitant use with methylergonovine. CYP3A4 inducers - Drugs (e.g., nevirapine, rifampicin) that are strong inducers of CYP3A4 are likely to decrease the pharmacological action of methylergonovine maleate. Beta-blockers - Caution should be exercised when methylergonovine maleate is used concurrently with beta-blockers. Concomitant administration with beta-blockers may enhance the vasoconstrictive action of ergot alkaloids. Anesthetics - Anesthetics like halothane and methoxyflurane may reduce the oxytocic potency of methylergonovine maleate. Glyceryl trinitrate and other antianginal drugs. Methylergonovine maleate produces vasoconstriction and can be expected to reduce the effect of glyceryl trinitrate and other antianginal drugs. No pharmacokinetic interactions involving other cytochrome P450 isoenzymes are known. Caution should be exercised when methylergonovine maleate is used concurrently with other vasoconstrictors, ergot alkaloids, or prostaglandins. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility No long-term studies have been performed in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential. The effect of the drug on mutagenesis or fertility has not been determined. Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproductive studies have not been conducted with methylergonovine maleate. It is also not known whether methylergonovine maleate can cause fetal harm or can affect reproductive capacity. Use of methylergonovine maleate is contraindicated during pregnancy because of its uterotonic effects. Labor and Delivery The uterotonic effect of methylergonovine maleate is utilized after delivery to assist involution and decrease hemorrhage, shortening the third stage of labor. Nursing Mothers Mothers should not breast-feed during treatment with methylergonovine maleate and for at least 12 hours after administration of the last dose. Milk secreted during this period should be discarded. Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. ADVERSE REACTIONS The most common adverse reaction is hypertension associated in several cases with seizure and/or headache. Hypotension has also been reported. Abdominal pain (caused by uterine contractions), nausea and vomiting have occurred occasionally. Rarely observed reactions have included: acute myocardial infarction, transient chest pains, vasoconstriction, vasospasm, coronary arterial spasm, bradycardia, tachycardia, dyspnea, hematuria, thrombophlebitis, water intoxication, hallucinations, leg cramps, dizziness, tinnitus, nasal congestion, diarrhea, diaphoresis, palpitation, rash, and foul taste. There have been rare isolated reports of anaphylaxis, without a proven causal relationship to the drug product. Postmarketing Experience The following adverse drug reactions have been derived from post-marketing experience with methylergonovine maleate via spontaneous case reports. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency which is therefore categorized as not known. Nervous system disorders Cerebrovascular accident, paraesthesia Cardiac disorders Ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, angina pectoris, atrioventricular block OVERDOSAGE Symptoms of acute overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, oliguria, abdominal pain, numbness, tingling of the extremities, and rise in blood pressure, in severe cases followed by hypotension, respiratory depression, hypothermia, convulsions, and coma. Because reports of overdosage with methylergonovine maleate are infrequent, the lethal dose in humans has not been established. The oral LD50 (in mg/kg) for the mouse is 187, the rat 93, and the rabbit 4.5. Several cases of accidental methylergonovine maleate injection in newborn infants have been reported, and in such cases 0.2 mg represents an overdose of great magnitude. However, recovery occurred in all but one case following a period of respiratory depression, hypothermia, hypertonicity with jerking movements, and convulsions. Also, several children 1 to 3 years of age have accidentally ingested up to 10 tablets (2 mg) with no apparent ill effects. A postpartum patient took 4 tablets at one time in error and reported paresthesias and clamminess as her only symptoms. Treatment of acute overdosage is symptomatic and includes the usual procedures of:
  1. removal of offending drug by inducing emesis, gastric lavage, catharsis, and supportive diuresis.
  2. maintenance of adequate pulmonary ventilation, especially if convulsions or coma develop.
  3. correction of hypotension with pressor drugs as needed.
  4. control of convulsions with standard anticonvulsant agents.
  5. control of peripheral vasospasm with warmth to the extremities if needed.
STORAGE Store in refrigerator, 2º to 8ºC (36º to 46ºF). Protect from light. Use carton to protect contents until used. Administer only if solution is clear and colorless.










INDICATIONS AND USAGE Following delivery of the placenta, for routine management of uterine atony, hemorrhage and subinvolution of the uterus. For control of uterine hemorrhage in the second stage of labor following delivery of the anterior shoulder. IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
CONTRAINDICATIONS Hypertension; toxemia; pregnancy; and hypersensitivity. WARNINGS
General
This drug should not be administered intravenously routinely because of the possibility of inducing sudden hypertensive and cerebrovascular accidents. If intravenous administration is considered essential as a lifesaving measure, methylergonovine maleate should be given slowly over a period of no less than 60 seconds with careful monitoring of blood pressure. Intra-arterial or periarterial injection should be strictly avoided. Caution should be exercised in the presence of impaired hepatic or renal function. Breast-feeding Mothers should not breast-feed during treatment with methylergonovine maleate. Milk secreted during this period should be discarded. Methylergonovine maleate may produce adverse effects in the breast-feeding infant. Methylergonovine maleate may also reduce the yield of breast milk. Mothers should wait at least 12 hours after administration of the last dose of methylergonovine maleate before initiating or resuming breast feeding. Coronary artery disease Patients with coronary artery disease or risk factors for coronary artery disease (e.g., smoking, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol) may be more susceptible to developing myocardial ischemia and infarction associated with methylergonovine induced vasospasm. Medication errors Inadvertent administration of methylergonovine maleate to newborn infants has been reported. In these cases of inadvertent neonatal exposure, symptoms such as respiratory depression, convulsions, cyanosis and oliguria have been reported. Usual treatment is symptomatic. However, in severe cases, respiratory and cardiovascular support is required. Methylergonovine maleate has been administered instead of vitamin K and Hepatitis B vaccine, medications which are routinely administered to the newborn. Due to the potential for accidental neonatal exposure, methylergonovine maleate injection should be stored separately from medications intended for neonatal administration. PRECAUTIONS
General
Caution should be exercised in the presence of sepsis or obliterative vascular disease. Also use with caution during the second stage of labor. The necessity for manual removal of a retained placenta should occur only rarely with proper technique and adequate allowance of time for its spontaneous separation. Drug Interactions CYP3A4 Inhibitors (e.g., Macrolide Antibiotics and Protease Inhibitors) There have been rare reports of serious adverse events in connection with the coadministration of certain ergot alkaloid drugs (e.g., dihydroergotamine and ergotamine) and potent CYP3A4 inhibitors, resulting in vasospasm leading to cerebral ischemia and/or ischemia of the extremities. Although there have been no reports of such interactions with methylergonovine alone, potent CYP3A4 inhibitors should not be coadministered with methylergonovine. Examples of some of the more potent CYP3A4 inhibitors include macrolide antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin, troleandomycin, and clarithromycin), HIV protease or reverse transcriptase inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, delavirdine) or azole antifungals (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole). Less potent CYP3A4 inhibitors should be administered with caution. Less potent inhibitors include saquinavir, nefazodone, fluconazole, grapefruit juice, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, zileuton, and clotrimazole. These lists are not exhaustive, and the prescriber should consider the effects on CYP3A4 of other agents being considered for concomitant use with methylergonovine. CYP3A4 inducers - Drugs (e.g., nevirapine, rifampicin) that are strong inducers of CYP3A4 are likely to decrease the pharmacological action of methylergonovine maleate. Beta-blockers - Caution should be exercised when methylergonovine maleate is used concurrently with beta-blockers. Concomitant administration with beta-blockers may enhance the vasoconstrictive action of ergot alkaloids. Anesthetics - Anesthetics like halothane and methoxyflurane may reduce the oxytocic potency of methylergonovine maleate. Glyceryl trinitrate and other antianginal drugs. Methylergonovine maleate produces vasoconstriction and can be expected to reduce the effect of glyceryl trinitrate and other antianginal drugs. No pharmacokinetic interactions involving other cytochrome P450 isoenzymes are known. Caution should be exercised when methylergonovine maleate is used concurrently with other vasoconstrictors, ergot alkaloids, or prostaglandins. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility No long-term studies have been performed in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential. The effect of the drug on mutagenesis or fertility has not been determined. Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproductive studies have not been conducted with methylergonovine maleate. It is also not known whether methylergonovine maleate can cause fetal harm or can affect reproductive capacity. Use of methylergonovine maleate is contraindicated during pregnancy because of its uterotonic effects. Labor and Delivery The uterotonic effect of methylergonovine maleate is utilized after delivery to assist involution and decrease hemorrhage, shortening the third stage of labor. Nursing Mothers Mothers should not breast-feed during treatment with methylergonovine maleate and for at least 12 hours after administration of the last dose. Milk secreted during this period should be discarded. Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. ADVERSE REACTIONS The most common adverse reaction is hypertension associated in several cases with seizure and/or headache. Hypotension has also been reported. Abdominal pain (caused by uterine contractions), nausea and vomiting have occurred occasionally. Rarely observed reactions have included: acute myocardial infarction, transient chest pains, vasoconstriction, vasospasm, coronary arterial spasm, bradycardia, tachycardia, dyspnea, hematuria, thrombophlebitis, water intoxication, hallucinations, leg cramps, dizziness, tinnitus, nasal congestion, diarrhea, diaphoresis, palpitation, rash, and foul taste. There have been rare isolated reports of anaphylaxis, without a proven causal relationship to the drug product. Postmarketing Experience The following adverse drug reactions have been derived from post-marketing experience with methylergonovine maleate via spontaneous case reports. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency which is therefore categorized as not known. Nervous system disorders Cerebrovascular accident, paraesthesia Cardiac disorders Ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, angina pectoris, atrioventricular block OVERDOSAGE Symptoms of acute overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, oliguria, abdominal pain, numbness, tingling of the extremities, and rise in blood pressure, in severe cases followed by hypotension, respiratory depression, hypothermia, convulsions, and coma. Because reports of overdosage with methylergonovine maleate are infrequent, the lethal dose in humans has not been established. The oral LD50 (in mg/kg) for the mouse is 187, the rat 93, and the rabbit 4.5. Several cases of accidental methylergonovine maleate injection in newborn infants have been reported, and in such cases 0.2 mg represents an overdose of great magnitude. However, recovery occurred in all but one case following a period of respiratory depression, hypothermia, hypertonicity with jerking movements, and convulsions. Also, several children 1 to 3 years of age have accidentally ingested up to 10 tablets (2 mg) with no apparent ill effects. A postpartum patient took 4 tablets at one time in error and reported paresthesias and clamminess as her only symptoms. Treatment of acute overdosage is symptomatic and includes the usual procedures of:
  1. removal of offending drug by inducing emesis, gastric lavage, catharsis, and supportive diuresis.
  2. maintenance of adequate pulmonary ventilation, especially if convulsions or coma develop.
  3. correction of hypotension with pressor drugs as needed.
  4. control of convulsions with standard anticonvulsant agents.
  5. control of peripheral vasospasm with warmth to the extremities if needed.
STORAGE Store in refrigerator, 2º to 8ºC (36º to 46ºF). Protect from light. Use carton to protect contents until used. Administer only if solution is clear and colorless.


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PP-AS-US-0014     4/2017